Chapter

Napoleonic Wars and Trials (1810–1821)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780520242616
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520941373 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0010
Napoleonic Wars and Trials (1810–1821)

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Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte decided to transfer to Paris all Church archives in Rome, paying special attention to the Vatican file of the Inquisition's proceedings of Galileo's trial. Antoine Barbier filed a report to Napoleon recommending publication of the original proceedings of Galileo's trial side by side with a French translation, and presenting an itemized budget of anticipated expenses for the publication of 1,000 copies. After the fall of Napoleon, Marino Marini was one of the officials charged with the retrieval of papal archives. Jean Delambre and Giambattista Venturi were primarily involved in the development of the Napoleonic translations. Both authors quoted Galileo's confession in full, and so the content and tenor emerged clearly. As a result of the efforts of Napoleon, Venturi, and Delambre, the European public had access to the text of Galileo's confession at the second deposition of the 1633 trial and to two-thirds of the Inquisition's executive summary.

Keywords: Napoleon Bonaparte; Antoine Barbier; Galileo; Marino Marini; Jean Delambre; Giambattista Venturi; confession; Inquisition

Chapter.  9395 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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