Chapter

Professionalization and Politics

Laura Hein

in Reasonable Men, Powerful Words

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2005 | ISBN: 9780520243477
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520931572 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520243477.003.0002
Professionalization and Politics

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In the 1920s, Tokyo was a lively place where a new middle class thrived, in stark contrast to the impoverished countryside. Like other cities such as Paris and New York, Tokyo acted as a cultural and economic magnet, drawing in ambitious young people from the hinterland with the promise of education, employment, and excitement. In this setting, six young men established the social and intellectual cohesion that characterized them collectively for the next half-century: Ōuchi Hyōe, Arisawa Hiromi, Ōmori Yoshitarō, Wakimura Yoshitarō, Takahashi Masao, and Minobe Ryōkichi. Graduate school provided the primary social life for these students. Ōuchi and his students were most intrigued by revolutionary social theory, especially Marxism, because it connected their scholarship to real-world problems. The most important formative intellectual experience for these men, however, was overseas travel. This chapter looks at professionalization and politics in Japan, as well as the views of Ōuchi Hyōe and his group about political activism, capitalism, and imperialism.

Keywords: Japan; Tokyo; professionalization; politics; Ōuchi Hyōe; political activism; capitalism; imperialism; employment; education

Chapter.  15314 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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