Chapter

Making Peace Work

Laura Hein

in Reasonable Men, Powerful Words

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2005 | ISBN: 9780520243477
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520931572 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520243477.003.0005
Making Peace Work

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One of the most powerful lessons Ōuchi Hyōe's group drew from their wartime experiences was that democratic freedoms had to be exercised to be safeguarded. They felt a responsibility to themselves, their compatriots, and their lost colleagues not only to encourage open debate, but also to take the lead. The economists saw peace, democracy, and socialism as mutually reinforcing principles, and became active in various peace-oriented organizations. These included groups dedicated to influencing public opinion (such as the editorial board of the new journal Sekai), non-partisan groups dedicated to developing public policy, and explicitly socialist organizations allied with the Japan Socialist Party. The economists — not known for being pacifists before the war — all preached pacifism and the principle that “war does not pay” by which they meant more than economic currency.

Keywords: Ōuchi Hyōe; Japan; peace; democracy; socialism; pacifism; Sekai; Japan Socialist Party

Chapter.  10580 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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