Mongolia: A Peaceful Transition

Morris Rossabi

in Modern Mongolia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9780520243996
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938625 | DOI:
Mongolia: A Peaceful Transition

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The rulers of the Mongolian People's Republic (MPR), the name of the country since 1924, had had abundant experience in managing such spectacles, but they would be unable to manage the events of December 10, 1989. Mongolian celebrations of International Human Rights Day did not proceed as planned. As snow drifted down gently, two hundred people marched around with banners and signs calling for the elimination of “bureaucratic oppression” as well as a promise to implement perestroika (restructuring of the economy) and glasnost (openness and greater freedom of expression). Later, hunger strikers, with backing from the Mongolian Democratic Union, expanded the scope of their demands, challenging the legality of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) and government institutions. The reformers took advantage of the government's indecisiveness to make effective use of nonviolence.

Keywords: Mongolian People's Republic; bureaucratic oppression; Mongolia; hunger strikes; Mongolian Democratic Union

Chapter.  11367 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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