Chapter

From Russian to Western Influence

Morris Rossabi

in Modern Mongolia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9780520243996
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938625 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520243996.003.0002
From Russian to Western Influence

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Despite the anticommunist demonstrations of 1989–90, many reformers had ambivalent feelings about the USSR. Many of them resented the authoritarian USSR government but at the same time recognized the benefits that had accrued to Mongolia through the assistance of the Soviet Union. By July 1921, Mongolia, under the tutelage of the Bolsheviks, had become the second communist state in world history. In 1924, the Mongolian revolutionaries established the Mongolian People's Republic (hereafter MPR), modeling it on the USSR, which had been founded two years earlier. In February 1991, the International Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, and the World Bank all admitted Mongolia to membership, qualifying the country for loans and grants. These financial organizations were the dominant Western forces in Mongolia. Christian missionary organizations were still another group that began to arrive in Mongolia after the collapse of communism.

Keywords: anticommunist demonstrations; USSR; Soviet Union; Mongolia; communist state; missionary organizations; financial organizations

Chapter.  4944 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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