Chapter

Herders and the New Economy

Morris Rossabi

in Modern Mongolia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9780520243996
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938625 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520243996.003.0005
Herders and the New Economy

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In his life and writings, the democratic reformer Tserendash Namkhainyambuu, the only herder so far elected to the Khural in the postcommunist era, reflects the tumultuousness and substantial difficulties in Mongolian pastoralism over the past half century. Despite many attractive features, the negdels (collectives) had drawbacks, some of which Namkhainyambuu alluded to. Lazy herders neglected their animals, scarcely performed their work properly, and did not fulfill their quotas for animals and animal products. Although the number of animals increased, the livestock quotas for the Five-Year Plans were on occasion not fulfilled, or were set so low that the herders could meet them. Another problem was that the yield of the pastures decreased because of overgrazing, drought, and soil degradation. Still another problem was the growing disparity between the city and the countryside and the consequent lure of urban life for some herders.

Keywords: negdels; herding; pastoralism; Tserendash Namkhainyambuu; herders; animal products; Five-Year Plans; overgrazing

Chapter.  7149 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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