Chapter

Poverty and Other Social Problems

Morris Rossabi

in Modern Mongolia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9780520243996
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938625 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520243996.003.0006
Poverty and Other Social Problems

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Social problems intensified throughout the 1990s and early 2000s. The catalogue of social ills — unpaid doctors, nurses, and teachers, user fees deterring the poor from seeking medical services, drastic increases in crime, an in-migration to Ulaanbaatar of herders who had lost their animals in 1999–2001, and pensioners with incomes eroded by the inflation of the early to mid 1990s — was predictable. The vast amount of foreign aid reaching Mongolia hardly made a dent in the intensifying social problems. Some aid was allocated to the social sector, but much of it appears to have either been siphoned off or not managed properly. In addition, much of the aid was used reputedly to promote structural changes in government, which facilitated the development of a market economy, and to foster economic growth, particularly in the mineral and energy sectors.

Keywords: medical services; doctors; social ills; Ulaanbaatar; inflation; foreign aid; Mongolia; market economy

Chapter.  16796 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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