Chapter

Culture and the Market Economy

Morris Rossabi

in Modern Mongolia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9780520243996
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938625 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520243996.003.0007
Culture and the Market Economy

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Without additional resources and a stronger government, the prospects for protection of the fragile Mongolian environment appear to be dim. The communist government did not value Mongolia's traditional artworks, and many statues, paintings, and textiles, as well as texts, were lost during the purges directed at Buddhism. Buddhism, the dominant religion of the Mongolians from the late sixteenth century to the early twentieth century, has revived somewhat after seven decades of a communist state hostile to its precepts and its leaders. Meanwhile, the government dominated the media in the communist era. The governments' human rights record since 1990 is certainly better than in the communist era, although democratic reformers have some complaints. The elimination of domination by the USSR in 1990 resulted in a ringing reaffirmation of the Mongolian heritage, which, however, began to fade as economic conditions worsened.

Keywords: Buddhism; Mongolia; Mongolian environment; communist era; Mongolian heritage; USSR

Chapter.  9243 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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