Chapter

The Closing of the Athenian Schools

Edward J. Watts

in City and School in Late Antique Athens and Alexandria

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780520244214
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520931800 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520244214.003.0005
The Closing of the Athenian Schools

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This chapter provides a historical account of the decline of Athenian philosophical schools, and describes the succession and transfer of authority of the heads of these schools. While the closing of the Athenian school was indeed an event with local implications that was caused by local concerns, the flight of Damascius and his colleagues to Persia resulted from central governmental policies. The prohibition of teaching was an institutional deathblow; it seems that the philosophers responded to this initial set of restrictions by keeping a low profile and waiting for circumstances to change. As the Athenian archeological evidence suggests, these laws would not have permitted the philosophers to survive simply by keeping a low profile. Perhaps sensing the inevitability of this fate, they left Athens for Persia. This was, for all practical purposes, the end of Athenian philosophy.

Keywords: Athens; philosophy; professors; schools; law; Roman empire; government policies

Chapter.  16765 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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