Chapter

. Western and Northern Welfare Backlashes: California and New York

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2005 | ISBN: 9780520244610
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938717 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0006
. Western and Northern Welfare Backlashes: California and New York

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This chapter investigates how racism interacted with other factors to shape the welfare backlashes in California and New York. Attacks on welfare mothers were more powerful in California than in New York, mainly because large farmers played a politically dominant role there. The campaign against Proposition 4 helped unite business leaders around an antiwelfare agenda. Business and political groups opposed to welfare were closely interconnected. Racialized opposition to welfare was less common in California than it was in other states. In California, large farmers mainly allied themselves with other business groups and rural county officials. In New York, where black and Puerto Rican welfare use was widely publicized, politicians appealed to racial hostility toward Black and Puerto Rican migrants and targeted newcomers for cutbacks. In both these states, strong resistance to these welfare backlashes developed, especially from urban interest groups.

Keywords: welfare backlash; California; New York; racism; Proposition 4; large farmers; racial hostility

Chapter.  8578 words. 

Subjects: Marriage and the Family

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