Chapter

Admitted Equals

Theresa Ann Smith

in The Emerging Female Citizen

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780520245839
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932227 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520245839.003.0003
Admitted Equals

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This chapter shows that by the 1740s and 1750s, much of Spain's intelligentsia had accepted the idea that women were rational and thus equal beings. Key to this assessment was women's participation in two leading Enlightenment institutions in Spain: the Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando and the tertulias, gatherings similar to the French salons. The acceptance of women as both contributors to and facilitators of Spain's burgeoning world of letters suggests changing notions of women's status in society. Once female equality was established and women's status began to change, a new debate over women's proper role in society occupied intellectuals in the 1760s and 1770s.

Keywords: Spain; women; Enlightenment; Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando; tertulias; world of letters; female equality; intellectuals; society

Chapter.  12281 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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