The Mothership

Steven L. Isoardi

in The Dark Tree

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780520245914
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932241 | DOI:
The Mothership

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This chapter examines the evolution of the Underground Musicians Association (UGMA) and the formation of the Pan Afrikan Peoples Arkestra (PAPA) in Los Angeles, California. It explains that the UGMA became the Underground Musicians and Artists Association (UGMAA) in 1968 to reflect the varied arts represented within the movement and they established a larger organization called PAPA to encompass the different facets of their work. It suggests that the name change signified organization's intent to establish a more concrete organization and space for the community arts and was a summary statement of their many influences.

Keywords: Underground Musicians Association; community arts; Los Angeles; California

Chapter.  14891 words. 

Subjects: American Music

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