Chapter

North Coast Bioregion

John D. Stuart and Scott L. Stephens

in Fire in California's Ecosystems

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9780520246058
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932272 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246058.003.0008
North Coast Bioregion

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This chapter discusses the North Coast bioregion in northwestern portion of the state where numerous valleys and steep coastal and interior mountains create moisture gradients in response to numerous winter storms. Three predominant climatic gradients help determine the vegetation patterns in northwestern California: a west-east gradient extending from a moist, cool coastal summer climate to a drier, warmer interior summer climate; a north-south gradient of decreasing winter precipitation and increasing summer temperatures; and a montane elevational gradient of decreasing temperature and increasing precipitation. The fire ecology and fire regime-plant community interactions in the North Coastal Scrub and the Prairie Zone, the North Coastal Pine Forests Zone, the Sitka Spruce Forest Zone, the Redwood Forest Zone, the Douglas-Fir-Tanoak Forest Zone, and the Oregon White Oak Woodland Zone are described. Fire has always been an integral part of coastal prairie ecology and fire exclusion has led to undesirable consequences.

Keywords: fire ecology; plant community; California; North Coastal Pine Forests Zone; Sitka Spruce Forest Zone; Redwood Forest Zone; Douglas-Fir-Tanoak Forest Zone; Oregon White Oak Woodland Zone; North Coastal Scrub and Prairie Zone

Chapter.  15211 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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