Chapter

. The Great KantŌ Earthquake and the Submergence of the Earthquake Nation

Gregory Clancey

in Earthquake Nation

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780520246072
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932296 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246072.003.0009
. The Great KantŌ Earthquake and the Submergence of the Earthquake Nation

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For the generation educated after the crisis of Nōbi, earthquake resistance cemented a different and more positive set of relationships. The Japanese architectural academy rebuilt itself in the early twentieth century around a new material — ferro-concrete. Just before noon on September 1, 1923, Tokyo was shaken to its depths by a massive earthquake that rolled through the city from the direction of Sagami Bay. Ten thousand buildings collapsed almost immediately and more than 140,000 people died by the following dawn, most killed in the fires that burned the still largely wooden city to the ground. The sudden, all-too-complete destruction of their capital threatened to erase overnight the image of the Japanese as a people in control of their own nature. With the outbreak of war with China in 1937, the resist-earthquakes regime became a resist-aerial-bombardment one.

Keywords: Japanese architecture; seismology; ferro-concrete; Tokyo earthquake; China

Chapter.  9661 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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