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Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

Arthur Eckstein

Edited by Nishanta Rajakaruna

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780520246188
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932302 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246188.001.0001
Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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This study is the first to employ modern international relations theory to place Roman militarism and expansion of power within the broader Mediterranean context of interstate anarchy. The book challenges claims that Rome was an exceptionally warlike and aggressive state—not merely in modern but in ancient terms—by arguing that intense militarism and aggressiveness were common among all Mediterranean polities from ca 750 B.C. onwards. The book explains that international politics in the ancient Mediterranean world was, in political science terms, a multipolar anarchy: international law was minimal, and states struggled desperately for power and survival by means of warfare. Eventually, one state, the Republic of Rome, managed to create predominance and a sort of peace. Rome was certainly a militarized and aggressive state, but it was successful not because it was exceptional in its ruthlessness, rather, it was successful because of its exceptional ability to manage a large network of foreign allies, and to assimilate numerous foreigners within the polity itself. This book shows how these characteristics gave Rome incomparably large resources for the grim struggle of states fostered by Mediterranean anarchy—and hence they were key to Rome's unprecedented success.

Keywords: international relations; Roman militarism; Mediterranean context; international law; foreign allies

Book.  389 pages. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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Table of Contents

Political Science and Roman History in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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Realist Paradigms of Interstate behavior in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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The Anarchic Structure of Interstate Relations in Classical Greece in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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The Anarchic Structure of Interstate Relations in the Hellenistic Age in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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Terrores Multi in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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Rome and Roman Militarism within the Anarchic Interstate System in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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Roman Exceptionalism and Nonexceptionalism in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

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