Chapter

Political Science and Roman History

Arthur M. Eckstein

in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780520246188
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932302 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246188.003.0001
Political Science and Roman History

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Politics in the ancient Mediterranean can be described as a long multi-polar anarchy. The fearsome king of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, could have established a permanent political entity encompassing the entire Mediterranean. But the conqueror of Asia died prematurely in Babylon at the age of 32, and the empire he had build almost immediately fell apart. However, one thought has come to dominate modern scholarship on this dilemma: that Rome was exceptionally successful within its world because Roman society and culture, and Rome's stance toward other states, were particularly warlike, particularly aggressive, and particularly violent—and not merely in modern terms but in ancient terms as well.

Keywords: politics; anarchy; Macedon; Rome; conqueror

Chapter.  4668 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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