Chapter

Rome and Roman Militarism within the Anarchic Interstate System

Arthur M. Eckstein

in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780520246188
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932302 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246188.003.0006
Rome and Roman Militarism within the Anarchic Interstate System

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Roman senatorial aristocracy was trained in war from adolescence. Romans presumed to have to wage war against various perceived enemies every year. The basic foreign-relations task of the Senate was the mission of army commands every spring wherein the Roman populace expected to have a significant portion of its male population to be enrolled in the fighting forces every year. Rome was a highly militarized, militaristic, and assertive state, led by an aristocracy imbued with a strong warrior ethos, which in turn was backed by a populace that acquired war as a fact of life. The approving attitude at Rome toward personal military achievement is absolutely true. But the problem is that this cultural attitude was not uniquely Roman. Their road to personal authority within the polity and to glory in the future was an idea shared deeply by Persians, the Greeks of both the Classical and the Hellenistic period, and the Carthaginians.

Keywords: aristocracy; warrior ethos; Persians; Carthaginians; polity

Chapter.  28980 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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