Chapter

Roman Exceptionalism and Nonexceptionalism

Arthur M. Eckstein

in Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780520246188
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932302 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246188.003.0007
Roman Exceptionalism and Nonexceptionalism

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The significance of Rome in foreign relations was a little different from those of other states. No realist theoretician argues that the individual actions of the governing elites of individual states are certainly determined by the interstate structures that form their environment. Realist would also argue that the highly aggressive and security-minded aspects of ancient Mediterranean cultures are themselves in good part direct consequences of the stern pressures of the environment. The delicacy and fragility of Rome's rivals and potential rivals in terms of social mobilization in the face of war, combined with Rome's strengths in these aspects, are the keys to Roman success. These were crucial factors affecting the distribution of power first in Italy, then eventually throughout the Mediterranean.

Keywords: theoretician; Mediterranean; delicacy; mobilization; rivals

Chapter.  33516 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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