Chapter

Disturbance

DEANNA J. STOUDER and MICHELLE L. McMULLIN

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780520246539
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932470 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0018
Disturbance

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Disturbance influences all elements of ecological organization. Given limited information on the role of natural disturbance in California marine systems, this chapter describes examples on the effects of hypoxia, freshwater inflows, salinity changes, and storms on fish assemblages. Disturbance may incorporate both short- and long-term changes at both local and larger spatial scales; examples of disturbances that result in long-term changes include El Niño- Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and global warming. Disturbance may elicit both physiological and behavioral responses in fishes.

Keywords: ecological organization; fish assemblages; natural disturbance; California; marine systems; hypoxia; freshwater inflows; salinity changes

Chapter.  8779 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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