Symbiotic Relationships


in The Ecology of Marine Fishes

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780520246539
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932470 | DOI:
Symbiotic Relationships

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The symbiotic relationships of plants and animals have fascinated terrestrial biologists for centuries, and with the development and improvement of scuba and underwater photographic and recording equipments since the mid-20th century the symbiotic stories of aquatic creatures are now becoming appreciated as well. This chapter presents examples of symbioses involving fishes in California coastal and offshore waters extending south to Magdalena Bay, Baja California. It includes selected literature concerning California and examples of symbiosis as well as review articles involving extralimital symbiotic relationships are included. It also cites opportunities for further research. Simply, mutualism benefits both partners; commensalism involves benefits to one partner without harming or helping the other; and parasitism benefits one of a pair while the other suffers a reduction in fitness. Phoresis is considered to be a subcategory of commensalism.

Keywords: symbiosis; mutualism; extralimital symbiotic relationships; commensalism; parasitism; phoresis

Chapter.  6621 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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