Chapter

Subsistence, Commercial, and Recreational Fisheries

MILTON S. LOVE

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780520246539
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932470 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0022
Subsistence, Commercial, and Recreational Fisheries

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The marine fisheries of California extend back thousands of years and encompass many dozens of species. This chapter describes the broad trends in these fisheries from the time of the first aboriginal fishermen to the present day. Over the years, landings in both the recreational and commercial fisheries have been quite volatile. Along with overfishing, which has occurred on many occasions in California's history, perhaps the most important factor determining fish abundances is the cycle of alternating warm and cold ocean temperature regimes that occur off the coast. The warm phase brings with it large numbers of warm temperate or even tropical species, such as Pacific sardines, Pacific mackerel, Pacific barracuda, yellowtail, and white seabass. Colder water periods appear to be marked by increased reproductive success of many species of rockfishes, lingcod, and other temperate forms.

Keywords: California; marine fishes; fisheries; overfishing; landing; fish abundance

Chapter.  25787 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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