Chapter

“Transcript of Summer 1945 and 1946 Notes Based on Trips to the Outer Shores, West Coast of Vancouver Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, and So On”

Katharine A. Rodger

in Breaking Through

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780520247048
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932661 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520247048.003.0010
“Transcript of Summer 1945 and 1946 Notes Based on Trips to the Outer Shores, West Coast of Vancouver Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, and So On”

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By 1945, Edward F. Ricketts had begun what he expected to be the third volume in his North American Pacific trilogy, a study of the outer shores of British Columbia that would complete an ecological map of marine invertebrates of the North American Pacific coast. That summer, he and Toni Jackson made a six-week ecological reconnaissance of Vancouver Island studying marine specimens and coastal environs; the first of a series of preparatory trips for the project. One year later, they returned and expanded their survey to include the Queen Charlotte Islands. Ricketts saw the two trips as the groundwork for the book “The Outer Shores” and the expedition he and John Steinbeck would take together in the future. In early 1948, he compiled his notes and recollections into the “Outer Shores Transcript,” in which he makes more complex connections between animal societies and human behavior, a shift in his attention away from aggregations and cooperation. Ricketts looks instead at the intricacies of relationships, and begins to articulate an integrated system of associations, or the concept of the ecosystem.

Keywords: Edward F. Ricketts; Toni Jackson; British Columbia; Pacific coast; marine invertebrates; Outer Shores; Outer Shores Transcript; animal societies; human behavior; ecosystem

Chapter.  47148 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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