Chapter

Experimental Evolutionary Domestication

Pedro Simões, Josiane Santos and Margarida Matos

in Experimental Evolution

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780520247666
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944473 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0005
Experimental Evolutionary Domestication

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Drosophila is one of the commonly used organisms in experimental evolution. One of the goals of experimental studies in Drosophila is to characterize the potential of populations to respond directly to selection. Studies of the evolutionary domestication of Drosophila are also of interest, as they allow the characterization of the evolutionary dynamics of local adaptation in populations with considerable genetic variation at the start of selection. In this chapter, the real-time studies of evolutionary domestication in Drosophila subobscura are discussed. The chapter outlines results for just two adult traits, early fecundity and female starvation resistance, and also discusses comparative methods used to study evolutionary patterns in laboratory adaptation as opposed to the analysis of evolutionary trajectories.

Keywords: Drosophila; evolutionary dynamics; genetic variation; domestication; Drosophila subobscura; fecundity; starvation resistance; laboratory adaptation

Chapter.  8968 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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