Behavior and Neurobiology

Justin S. Rhodes and Tadeusz J. Kawecki

in Experimental Evolution

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780520247666
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944473 | DOI:
Behavior and Neurobiology

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This chapter presents some of the methods in experimental evolution that can be used to study the evolution of behavior, illustrating how these can be applied toward understanding the origin and mechanisms of behavioral diversity. One method is artificial selection, a powerful tool used to explore the question of how behavior evolves; another is mass selection, which relies on an experimental setup that sorts individuals into groups depending on a particular behavior. An alternative approach for identifying mechanisms of behavioral evolution is to use experimental methods to explore genetics and physiology of real behavioral shifts that occurred among populations or species in nature. The chapter describes how laboratory experimental tools, such as genetic engineering and pharmacology, were used to discover the evolution of mating systems in voles.

Keywords: experimental evolution; behavior; behavioral diversity; artificial selection; mass selection; behavioral evolution; genetics; genetic engineering; pharmacology

Chapter.  17298 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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