Chapter

Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Darold P. Batzer and Rebecca R. Sharitz

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2007 | ISBN: 9780520247772
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932890 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0001
Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

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Wetland ecology incorporates the interactions of biota (plants, animals, microbes) with the unique physical and chemical environment present in wetlands. Wetlands are foremost geologic features, and geomorphology coupled with climate forms the template on which wetland ecology occurs. Hydrology is the factor most influenced by geomorphology and climate, and hydrology is also the primary conduit for the control of the physico-chemical environment and the biotic interactions in wetlands. This book examines the ecology of freshwater and estuarine wetlands. The initial chapters address the physical aspects of wetland environments. In particular, they examine the basics of geomorphology, biogeochemistry, soils, and hydrology in wetlands. The book also explores how abiotic factors, specifically hydrology and chemistry, constrain wetland plants and animals, and elaborates on the physiological and ecological strategies employed by biota to cope with those stresses.

Keywords: wetland ecology; hydrology; biota; geomorphology; biogeochemistry; soils; plants; animals; abiotic factors; wetlands

Chapter.  1993 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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