Chapter

Wetland Geomorphology, Soils, and Formative Processes

Randy K. Kolka and James A. Thompson

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2007 | ISBN: 9780520247772
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932890 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0002
Wetland Geomorphology, Soils, and Formative Processes

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Landscape geomorphology influences how water moves over or through the soil, and thus hillslope hydrology and local hydrologic budgets affect soil properties and determine the formation of wetland soils. A complete understanding of wetland formation, wetland ecology, and wetland management requires a basic understanding of soils, including soil properties, soil processes, and soil variability. This chapter explores how soils and landscapes influence the local hydrologic cycle to lead to the development of wetland hydrology. It then looks at some fundamental soil properties, and how they lead to and respond to the development of wetland hydrology. Finally, the chapter considers specific types of wetland ecosystems and discusses their general distribution, origin, hydrology, soil, and vegetation.

Keywords: soils; geomorphology; hydrology; wetland ecology; wetland hydrology; landscapes; soil properties; wetland ecosystems; vegetation

Chapter.  14161 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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