Chapter

Wetland Animal Ecology

Darold P. Batzer, Robert Cooper and Scott A. Wissinger

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2007 | ISBN: 9780520247772
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932890 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0007
Wetland Animal Ecology

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In terms of energy base, wetlands appear to be hybrids of terrestrial and aquatic/marine habitats. Recognizing that the ecological functions of animals in wetlands share features with the faunas of terrestrial and aquatic/marine habitats, this chapter focuses on on some broadly applicable principles but highlights unique aspects of wetlands. The roles of animals in food webs are probably their most important contribution to overall wetland ecosystem function, and so the initial section of the chapter discusses animal trophic ecology. It then explores variation in wetland animal communities, emphasizing how communities change both spatially and temporally. The chapter also discusses the trophic basis for animal production, macrophytes and macrophyte herbivory, detritivory, algal herbivory, predation, community ecology, secondary succession, and biogeography. Finally, it analyzes the ecology of those animal populations that play especially important roles in wetland ecosystems or are of special interest to humans.

Keywords: wetlands; animals; food webs; trophic ecology; wetland ecosystems; habitats; animal production; macrophytes; predation; biogeography

Chapter.  18950 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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