Chapter

Discovering the Ocean

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780520247789
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942547 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0002
Discovering the Ocean

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This chapter discusses the impact of human activities on the ocean and provides a brief history of the expansion of ocean research. It begins by discussing the major causes of fishery decline in the North Atlantic. This is followed by a discussion on the history of early oceanography and the contributions of the Challenger Expedition and other expeditions that led to the progress of oceanographic science. The chapter then describes the history of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, a research center concerned with the study of nearshore and deep-sea organisms, as well as the geophysics of the seafloor and life-support systems of the planet.

Keywords: human activities; ocean research; fishery decline; oceanography; Challenger Expedition; Institution of Oceanography

Chapter.  15431 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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