Chapter

Global Warming and the Ocean

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780520247789
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942547 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0016
Global Warming and the Ocean

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This chapter discusses human influence on global warming and assesses the ocean’s response to warming. Global warming is a chief consequence of excess greenhouse effect. Burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas produces massive amounts of carbon dioxide. This affects the radiation balance of the planet by warming the ground and lower atmosphere beyond the normal background greenhouse effect. Global warming also affects deep circulation and the exchange of carbon dioxide between the ocean and the atmosphere. It changes the chemistry of surface waters, thus affecting the biological productivity of the ocean.

Keywords: global warming; greenhouse effect; carbon dioxide; radiation; deep circulation

Chapter.  21402 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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