Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780520247789
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942547 | DOI:

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The period between 1880 and 1930 laid the foundations for modern oceanography. It was a time of great expeditions and great expansion of sophisticated instrumentation. A shift to acoustics and marine physics also emerged, and along with this expansion came great advances in ocean engineering, which in turn benefitted studies in marine biology, including nutrient chemistry. In the 1960s and 1970s, large scale-cooperative investigations became dominant features. This concluding chapter presents a brief history of oceanography and some of the important contributions of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. It pays special attention to the human impact on the oceans and the life within it. The chapter also presents recommendations for future research and approaches for managing sustainability and life-support systems in the ocean.

Keywords: oceanography; acoustics; marine physics; ocean engineering; marine biology; Institution of Oceanography

Chapter.  4484 words. 

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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