Chapter

Closed-Cone Pine and Cypress Forests

Michael G. Barbour

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780520249554
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520933361 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0011
Closed-Cone Pine and Cypress Forests

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Serotinus conifers have mature cones that remain closed and attached to the parent tree for 1 or more years after seed maturation; cones open rapidly when removed from the tree or when exposed to temperatures higher than those normally reached in the canopy due to sunlight and warm air. California has more than a dozen species of closed-cone conifers, all in the genera Cupressus, Pinus, and Sequoiadendron. This chapter provides a species-by-species summary of the population ecology of closed-cone pines and cypress in California. It offers suggestions for the management and protection of closed-cone conifers against fire regimes and other human activities.

Keywords: serotinus conifers; closed-cone conifers; Pinus; Sequoiadendron; population ecology; closed-cone pines; cypress; fire regimes

Chapter.  11654 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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