Chapter

Oak Woodlands and Forests

Barbara Allen-Diaz, Richard Standiford and Randall D. Jackson

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780520249554
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520933361 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0012
Oak Woodlands and Forests

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This chapter discusses the distribution of oak woodlands and forests in California, focusing on the eight major tree oak species. The five major oak species occurring in the oak woodland include the deciduous white oak species, blue oak, valley oak, and Engelmann oak; and the evergreen oaks, coast live oak and interior live oak. Three species of oak are found primarily in oak forests where tree oak and conifer species coexist. These species are California black oak (Quercus kelloggii), Oregon white oak, and canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis). The chapter also discusses the spatial and temporal aspects of oak woodland sustainability, and ecosystem processes such as grazing, forage production, soil processes, and nutrient cycling, and also addresses conservation and restoration issues such as fire regimes and exotic pathogens, considering areas for future research.

Keywords: oak woodlands; oak; white oak; blue oak; valley oak; Engelmann oak; California black oak; Oregon white oak; canyon live oak

Chapter.  17141 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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