Restoring Comrade Roslavets

Richard Taruskin

in On Russian Music

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780520249790
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942806 | DOI:
Restoring Comrade Roslavets

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This chapter discusses the restoration of the Russian composer Nikolai Andreyevich Roslavets. Roslavets and his musical innovations were consigned to oblivion within a decade. By 1931 he had, for insufficient militancy, been stripped of his posts, which included that of politredaktor, that is, political censor for the main Soviet music publisher. Throughout the 1920s, the elite modernist faction to which he belonged was locked in contention with another organization, the Russian Association of Proletarian Musicians. The modernist side lost the battle in 1929, when the proletarianists were put in charge of the Soviet arts establishment in connection with the first Five-Year Plan. They overplayed their hand and were themselves liquidated in a perestroika of 1932, when the Union of Soviet Composers was founded. Contemporary Music composers who had been fired from official posts were rehabilitated and returned to active duty at this time, including Roslavets, who returned from Tashkent in 1933.

Keywords: Nikolai Andreyevich Roslavets; restoration; music composer; politredaktor; Proletarian Musicians; perestroika

Chapter.  1974 words. 

Subjects: Musicology and Music History

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