Chapter

First Peoples of the Rivers

James K. Agee

in Steward's Fork

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2007 | ISBN: 9780520251250
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520933798 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520251250.003.0008
First Peoples of the Rivers

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This chapter discusses the Native American groups that first inhabited the Klamath Mountains. It describes the pre-European Indian population and how they practice sustainable management of their natural resources. The chapter also discusses the discovery of gold in California in 1848, which initiated the fifteen-year annihilation of the Klamath Mountain Indians. By 1864, the only areas with substantial Indian populations were the Mattole Valley, the Hoopa Valley, and southwestern Trinity County in the Yolla Bollys. The Klamath Mountains had few free-living Indians and most of those alive were restricted to reservations. The northern Klamath tribes were confined to the Klamath River Reserve in 1855 and to the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation in 1864. The Round Valley Indian Reservation was established in 1870 for all southern tribes. Populations continued to decline until 1900.

Keywords: Native American; Indian population; sustainable management; Klamath Mountains; Klamath River Reserve; Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation; Round Valley Reservation

Chapter.  7026 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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