Chapter

The Political Battleground of Exile Modernism

Ehrhard Bahr

in Weimar on the Pacific

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780520251281
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520933804 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520251281.003.0010
The Political Battleground of Exile Modernism

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In July 1943, newspapers in the United States reported that the National Committee for a Free Germany had been founded by German exiles and German prisoners of war in the Soviet Union. The Soviet leadership appeared to be using the committee as, among other things, a political tool to attempt to bring about an early end to World War II, even at the cost of a compromise peace with the German government. A steering committee for the formation of a “Free Germany Movement” was founded in New York in September and October 1943 in order to produce an American alternative to the National Committee for a Free Germany. This chapter looks at the political factions among the exiles with respect to the rise of fascism in Germany, the war against the Axis powers, and the reconstruction of postwar Europe. Thomas Mann introduced a dialectical concept of one Germany, both good and evil. The dialectical conception of Mann's formula provided a more productive approach for dealing with Germany's past and future than that of Robert Gilbert Lord Vansittart.

Keywords: National Committee; World War II; exiles; Germany; Soviet Union; Free Germany Movement; Thomas Mann; fascism; Axis powers; Robert Vansittart

Chapter.  7483 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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