“How Could Their Food Not Be Impure?”

David M. Freidenreich

in Foreigners and Their Food

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780520253216
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520950276 | DOI:
“How Could Their Food Not Be Impure?”

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This chapter examines foreign food restrictions that are among the thousands of “canons” promulgated in late antiquity and the Middle ages by individual bishops or, more frequently, by councils of clerics. The high Middle Ages witnessed both increasing papal influence over canon law in the Latin West and the development of canon law as a science in the nascent European universities. Medieval scholars rightly perceived a qualitative difference between the “old law” promulgated before the twelfth century and the “new law” that succeeded it. This chapter focuses on “old law,” especially that of the fourth through ninth centuries. The geographic scope of this chapter extends from Spain to Sasanid Babylonia.

Keywords: food restrictions; foreign food; canons; clerics; canon law; old law

Chapter.  8722 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: East Asian Religions

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