Chapter

Azerbaijan

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780520253285
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942165 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0005
Azerbaijan

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The Allied invasion of Iran on 25 August 1941 made the preservation of Iran's independence and territorial integrity the government's most urgent task. Reza Shah's letter to President Roosevelt had not produced an immediate effect; but the response it had elicited at least placed on record the United States' assurances about the Allies' commitment to Iran's independence. The Tripartite Treaty placed Iran on the side of the Allies, but the relationship remained strained. Many Iranians considered the treaty necessary but also an imposition. The declaration and the treaty were meant to help Iran, at the conclusion of the war, to make demands on behalf of its national interests on strategic, legal, and moral grounds. However, such grounds for appeal were conditioned by the exigencies of the emerging Cold War, Soviet expansionism, and British intransigence.

Keywords: Iran; Cold War; Soviet expansionism; Tripartite Treaty; Allies; Reza Shah

Chapter.  10858 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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