Chapter

Toward the Abyss

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780520253285
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942165 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0007
Toward the Abyss

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On 20 July 1952, the day Qavam's fate was sealed, the International Court at The Hague ruled it had no jurisdiction in the case of the oil dispute between England and Iran. By the end of 1952 xenophobia had reached a new peak, extending beyond things and people English. Iran broke off relations with Great Britain on 22 October 1952. On 23 December, Foreign Minister Hossein Fatemi announced a decree issued by Mosaddeq forbidding the reassignment “of foreign nationals who have been serving in this country whatever their titles before the enactment of this decree.” The summer and fall of 1952 were hellish for the shah, the nadir of his power and prestige. For him, the Qavam fiasco represented more than losing in a political game, for he came face to face with a possibility that his countrymen rejected him.

Keywords: Qavan; Mosaddeq; oil issue; Iran; England; Great Britain

Chapter.  8579 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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