The White Revolution

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780520253285
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942165 | DOI:
The White Revolution

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Prime Minister Amini resigned on 17 July 1962, declaring he was not able to work out the budget in a way that would satisfy the shah as military plans. The fate of the Third Plan fell to the shah. The plan had sought to recreate the influence Ebtehaj once exerted on the government by incorporating a binding intellectual discipline. The sovereign got rid of both the Harvard Group and the Iranian planners by recasting much of the Third Plan in what would be called the White Revolution. The shah appointed Amir Asadollah Alam prime minister on 19 July 1962. Alam's tenure as prime minister was tumultuous. The shah's White Revolution, a phrase first used by Amini when the land reform law passed, was based on two acutely controversial foundations: land reform and women's rights. Both ideas were anathema to the clergy, women's rights even more than land reform.

Keywords: Ebtehaj; land reform; White Revolution; prime minister; Alam; women's rights; Amini; Third Plan

Chapter.  14053 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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