Chapter

Politics and Terror

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780520253285
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942165 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0016
Politics and Terror

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The attempted “revolutionary execution” of Prime Minister Ala was one in a series of assassinations and assassination attempts by the Fadaiyan dating from its inception in the early 1940s. Though intellectually limited, the Fadaiyan preached in the burlesque the seemingly more sophisticated discourse of the learned ulama on apostasy, the corrupting of the earth, the war against God and Islam, and the reasons that killing might be justified. Indeed, most Fadaiyan insisted on obtaining a religious fatwa from an established Mujtahid before they set out on an assassination. They were the first in Iran after World War II to advocate and to strive to establish an Islamic government and the first to employ assassination as politics by other means. In the 1960s, the Fadaiyan murdered another prime minister and attempted to assassinate the shah, this time in association with movements devoted to Khomeini.

Keywords: Fadaiyan; Prime Minister Ala; assassination; apostasy; Islam; political assassination; Khomein

Chapter.  7594 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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