Chapter

History: The “Ideology” before the “Science”

Susan Greenhalgh

in Just One Child

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9780520253384
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520941267 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520253384.003.0002
History: The “Ideology” before the “Science”

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This chapter presents some historical detail on the “Maoist ideology” that would eventually lead to the one-child policy in China. It first introduces Chairman Mao, a virtual dictator whose opposing stances on population created the strained linguistic context where population work had to proceed and whose mass campaigns blocked the sustained development of birth work for twenty years. The chapter then describes how the party subordinated, silenced, and finally abolished the field of population studies, while depriving itself of the best source of advice on population governance. It also emphasizes the accomplishments of the moderates associated with Premier Zhou.

Keywords: Maoist ideology; one-child policy; Chairman Mao; population work; mass campaigns; birth work; population studies; population governance; Premier Zhou

Chapter.  13196 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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