A Chinese Marxian Humanism of Population

Susan Greenhalgh

in Just One Child

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9780520253384
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520941267 | DOI:
A Chinese Marxian Humanism of Population

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This chapter introduces Liang Zhongtang, one of the specialists who, during the late 1970s, voiced concern about what might happen if the one-child policy became political reality. The first part focuses on Liang's life story, tracing the imprint of Maoist politics on his intellectual training, professional location, and personal experiences. This is then followed by a study on the practices whereby he created a distinctive Marxian humanism of population. Finally, the chapter compares the three sciences of population, as well as the larger intellectual frameworks, political values, and visions of state–science–society interrelations that these embodied.

Keywords: Liang Zhongtang; one-child policy; Maoist politics; Marxian humanism; sciences of population; intellectual frameworks; political values; state–science–society

Chapter.  8376 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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