From Bacteria to Belief

Luis P. Villarreal

in Natural Security

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2008 | ISBN: 9780520253476
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520934313 | DOI:
From Bacteria to Belief

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Biological systems must employ a security or immunity system to ensure their survival. This chapter traces the early origins of biological identification and immune systems, first found in the prokaryotes, such as bacteria. It outlines the evolution of biological models of group identity and immunity and presents a thesis that links biological identity systems to security systems. Security, immunity, and group identity are presented as highly related concepts, all of which depend on an ancient and enduring strategy that uses addiction modules. Human social identity, the source of many security concerns, has retained these basic biological strategies.

Keywords: biological systems; biological identification; immune systems; bacteria; immunity; security; group identity; addiction modules

Chapter.  11723 words. 

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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