Chapter

The Stoics

David Sedley

in Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2008 | ISBN: 9780520253643
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520934368 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520253643.003.0007
The Stoics

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Stoicism began around 300 b.c., in the immediate aftermath of Epicureanism's arrival on the scene. It is in many ways the best understood updated version of Socratic philosophy, and the early stoics were in fact even willing to be particularly known by the title “Socratics.” If Stoicism is indebted to Plato as well as to Socrates, that is because the Stoics regarded Plato's dialogues as having developed some of Socrates' ideas in directions that Socrates himself intended or approved. The paradox of Stoicism is a self-consciously un original philosophy, dedicated to recovering, clarifying, and developing its classical antecedents. Yet on the other hand, the upshot is a highly original approach to philosophical questions, one which for many centuries was able to rival and at times eclipse the work of Plato and Aristotle. Accepting the flavor of this transformation as it applied to the issues surrounding creationism is the task of this chapter.

Keywords: Stoicism; Socratics; Epicureanism; paradox; philosophy

Chapter.  14512 words. 

Subjects: Classical Philosophy

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