Chapter

Culture and the Press

STEPHEN R. MacKINNON

in Wuhan, 1938

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780520254459
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520934603 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520254459.003.0006
Culture and the Press

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This chapter describes how the needs of refugee society and the harsh realities of the military situation produced dramatic shifts in cultural activity at Wuhan under the leadership of transplanted intellectuals from coastal cities. A consensus formed that China's chances for survival would improve if the cultural apparatus were reorganized and put on a wartime propaganda footing. Leading the charge were some of the most famous names on the Chinese cultural scene; novelists like Mao Dun and Lao She; the scholar-politician Guo Moruo; the painter Xu Beihong; the cartoonist Feng Zikai; the poet Aiqing; the strategic thinker Jiang Baili; philosophers Feng Youlan, Ai Siqi, and Zhang Shenfu; and the playwrights XiaYan, Tian Han, Hong Shen, and Yang Hansheng. For a few, notably Lao She and Guo Moruo, Wuhan in 1938 became a defining moment in their lives.

Keywords: refugee society; Wuhan; military situation; cultural activity; Lao She; Guo Moruo; China

Chapter.  9819 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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