Chapter

Mobilizing Youth

STEPHEN R. MacKINNON

in Wuhan, 1938

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780520254459
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520934603 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520254459.003.0007
Mobilizing Youth

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This chapter looks at the mobilization of students and youth—a key concern for political leaders and intellectuals alike. More than anyone, student refugees embodied the Wuhan spirit, volunteering as welfare workers and rallying almost daily on the streets of Hankou and the campuses of Wuchang. Wuhan in 1938 presents an interesting variation on this theme. Although youth rallied in support of the United Front military council that was conducting the war under Chiang Kaishek's titular leadership, this relationship that should have been mutually supportive remained uneasy. The biggest problem was that neither the Guomindang nor the Communists provided effective leadership for youth. As a result, student leadership fragmented and could not agree about what direction to take.

Keywords: youth mobilization; student refugees; Hankou; Wuchang; welfare workers; Wuhan

Chapter.  5842 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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