in Wuhan, 1938

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780520254459
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520934603 | DOI:

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This chapter notes the fleeting nature of the Wuhan moment in history and addresses its importance, explaining how the wartime refugee experience reshaped the society, culture, and politics of modern China and why “the Wuhan spirit” is still celebrated today both on the mainland and in Taiwan. In China, the Great Anti-Japanese War produced a survivor mentality—a kind of psychic numbness to violence and ability to endure oppression without protest—that continued well after 1945 and possibly laid the groundwork for sullen acceptance of the horrors of the late 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s.

Keywords: wartime refugee; Wuhan spirit; modern China; Taiwan; survivor mentality; Anti-Japanese War

Chapter.  3216 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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