Chapter

The Historical Background

Cyrus Schayegh

in Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780520254473
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520943544 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0002
The Historical Background

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In the challenge of the Constitutional Revolution (1905–11), an emerging modern middle class argued that the earlier reformist focus on politics had failed. The new creed held that change would come about only through profound sociocultural reforms—and modern science was the key that would unlock that door. This reformist change of mind was of consequence only, however, because it interacted with momentous social and political transformations and a shift in Iran's international position. The supposed Great Game preserving regional geostrategic stability did not survive World War 1. Around the same time, a modern middle class began to emerge in Iran, replacing the Qajar court as the spearhead of modern sociocultural production and the adoption of modern science, boosting their popularization, instruction, and practical application. The patrimonial Qajar bureaucracy finally gave way to a reformed, interventionist state administration interested in advancing higher modern education.

Keywords: Constitutional Revolution; Iran; sociocultural reforms; Qajar; World War 1

Chapter.  8672 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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