Chapter

The Economic Dimensions

Cyrus Schayegh

in Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780520254473
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520943544 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0004
The Economic Dimensions

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The formation of the modern middle class in Iran occurred only because cultural capital was complemented by economic capital. Cultural capital was a central but not sufficient condition for class formation. Economic capital was grounded in the expansion of higher modern education—in itself a form of cultural capital—and in the growth of public and private markets for modern professional, science-based knowledge. Educational, legal, and professional reforms invaded upon the internet's social groups that are deemed antagonistic to modernization. In medicine, those singled out were the clergy, traditional physicians, and foreign physicians. The political economy of cultural capital also illustrates that classes and other antagonistic social collectives are continually engaged in a struggle to impose on their social rivals the definition of the world that is most congruent with their particular interests.

Keywords: economic capital; educational; modernization; antagonistic collectives; physicians

Chapter.  9025 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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