Chapter

Favor Fidei: The Birth of a New Jurisprudence

Marina Caffiero

in Forced Baptism

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780520254510
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520950283 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520254510.003.0002
Favor Fidei: The Birth of a New Jurisprudence

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Modern examinations of Pope Benedict XIV's legislation to the Jews have remarkably contributed to a historical reassessment of the figure of this pontiff and to adjusting the image of benevolent tolerance that accompanied earlier studies of his papacy. Benedict XIV departed very little from the traditional policy of oscillation between tolerance and repression that was typical of relations between the Jews and the popes throughout the modern age. He even took a step in the direction of an explicit return to repressive legislation concerning the Jews who lived in Rome and in the Papal State. That Benedict XIV considered the question of the Jews, their presence within the Catholic community, and the need to establish detailed laws regarding them to be highly important is evident from the sheer quantity of legislation which originated with him and from the serious nature of the problems involved—conversion, baptism, and marriage in particular.

Keywords: Pope Benedict XIV; pontiff; legislation; papacy; Papal State

Chapter.  12532 words. 

Subjects: History of Religion

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